WildFly Swarm's Got Swagger

Swagger Support for JAX-RS Applications

With the release of 1.0.0-Alpha8, WildFly Swarm has introduced support for Swagger, a simple but powerful JSON representation of your REST APIs.

In simple terms, Swagger is a JSON representation of a RESTful API, typically made available over HTTP at /swagger.json. This JSON document contains information about your APIs, including names, paths, endpoints, parameters, descriptions, keywords, expected responses, and more.

Per the Open API Specification, the goal of Swagger is to "define a standard, language-agnostic interface to REST APIs which allows both humans and computers to discover and understand the capabilities of the service without access to source code, documentation, or through network traffic inspection".

If this is your first encounter with Swagger, I suggest you head on over to the Swagger website to learn more about Swagger itself, and what it can do for you.


Using the Swagger fraction is quite simple. First, you’ll need to enable it in your application by adding it to your pom.xml file like so.


This causes WildFly Swarm to pull in all of the Swagger dependencies which are subsequently bundled with your application in the -swarm.jar file. The next thing you will need to do is add the Swagger annotations to your JAX-RS resources.

Resource Annotations

In order to generate the swagger.json document, you will need to use the Swagger annotations to declare properties of your API. The minimum requirement here is the use of @Api and @ApiOperation to declare a resource and an operation on that resource. Without at least these two annotations present, no output will be generated for swagger.json.

From the Swagger documentation, here is an example of a pet resource that has a single operation.

Java PetResource.java
@Api(value = "pet", authorizations = {
      @Authorization(value="sampleoauth", scopes = {})
@Produces({"application/json", "application/xml"})
public class PetResource {

     @ApiOperation(value = "Finds Pets by status",
        notes = "Multiple status values can be provided with comma seperated strings",
        response = Pet.class,
        responseContainer = "List")
     public Response findPetsByStatus() {
         // lookup...

These annotations would result in a swagger.json file which looks something like this:

JSON swagger.json
  "/pet/findByStatus": {
  "get": {
    "tags": [
    "summary": "Finds Pets by status",
    "description": "Multiple status values can be provided with comma seperated strings",
    "responses": {
      "200": {
        "description": "successful operation",
        "schema": {
          "type": "array",
          "items": {
            "$ref": "#/definitions/Pet"

There is a lot that the Swagger annotations provide you for documenting the details of your API. WildFly Swarm makes all of these available to your application by simply including the swagger fraction in your pom.xml as shown above. I highly recommend you take a look at the Swagger Annotations documentation for more information on the Swagger annotations.


The swagger fraction has reasonable defaults. Out of the box, zero configuration is required. WildFly Swarm will examine your application, and have Swagger recursively scan the top level package for JAX-RS resources. However, if you would like more control of the configuration and want to customize the swagger.json output, you can do this too. You’ll need to provide a Main.java in your application, and then use the ShrinkWrap API to customize the fraction configuration.

An example.

JAVA Main.java
public class Main {

    public static void main(String[] args) throws Exception {

        // Create a new container
        Container container = new Container();

        // Create a SwaggerArchive using ShrinkWrap API
        SwaggerArchive archive = ShrinkWrap.create(SwaggerArchive.class, "swagger-app.war");

        // Now we can use the SwaggerArchive to fully customize the JSON output
        archive.setVersion("1.0"); // our API version
        archive.setContact("Scott Tiger <scott@tiger.com>");  // set contact info
        archive.setLicense("MIT"); // set license

        // Finally tell swagger where our resources are

        // Make the SwaggerArchive JAX-RS friendly and add our api package
        JAXRSArchive deployment = archive.as(JAXRSArchive.class)

        // Make sure all dependencies are satisfied, and deploy that sucker

Swagger UI

The Swagger folks were nice enough to create an HTML5/CSS/JavaScript client side application that can be used to document, query and examine a Swagger capable API. WildFly Swarm provides an easily deployable and customizable version of this application via the swagger-ui server.

You can grab the server from maven and run it out of the box like so.

$ java -jar swagger-ui-1.0.0.Alpha9-SNAPSHOT-swarm.jar

The maven coordinates for this jar file are:


The swagger-ui layout, colors and design are all pretty nice out of the box. But of course it’s customizable. If you want to change any of the content served by swagger-ui, you can do this by providing a pointer to it on the command line.

$ java -jar swagger-ui-1.0.0.Alpha9-SNAPSHOT-swarm.jar ./my-custom-resources.jar

In this example, I’m providing a .jar file, but the command line argument provided here can also be a path to a directory on disk, or even a GAV specifying the maven coordinates of a published .jar or .war file.

The jar file provided (or the directory on disk) will be overlaid on to the resources provided by swagger-ui. For example, to customize the main page, provide an index.html file at the root of the jar or war file, or in the top level of the directory provided. Here we are customizing only the index.html file.

$ jar tvf my-custom-project.jar
  0 Mon Feb 01 11:42:08 EST 2016 META-INF/
 68 Mon Feb 01 11:42:08 EST 2016 META-INF/MANIFEST.MF
312 Mon Feb 01 11:41:58 EST 2016 index.html

Conclusion and Caveats

So there you have it! Simple and straightforward support for Swagger is now in WildFly Swarm. Yay! But, the Swagger fraction is brand spanking new, and we know there are shortcomings here and there. For example, we are still working on supporting Swagger alongside CDI.

So, yeah, it’s new and there may be creaks and groans as folks start to try it out. Please feel free to provide feedback or ask questions if you do. We’re always happy to hear about experiences our community is having. Talk to us on freenode at #wildfly-swarm, or in our Google Group.